Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Essay Topics on Food Safety - Ideas to Help Your Class Focus on the Importance of EducationEssay topics on food safety are a great way to get your students involved and help them learn about food safety. Some of the topics that you can use include pesticide contamination, food processing, the environmental impact of food, food safety issues, and the links between food production and health. Whether you are teaching first, second, or even third grade, there are lots of topics that can help you incorporate topics on food safety into your lessons.What are the environmental impact of food? In this type of lesson, you can include topics like the environment, pesticides, environmental hazards, chemical contamination, and the effects of toxic chemicals on the food we eat. The use of items like colored plastic containers, bags, containers, and produce cans all have an impact on the environment as well as your children's diets. With these topics, you can help them understand why they should c are about the environment.What can a food recall cost a school budgets? In this type of lesson, you can talk about the impact of contaminated food on a school budget and how the food industry tries to make money in ways that will protect their products. Topics such as price spikes, tax implications, government audits, recalls, and food safety programs all relate to food.How do environmental problems affect food safety? Environmental problems, like those relating to pesticides, cleaning supplies, or cleaning methods, can all cause issues with food. You can use topics on pesticides to help get your students involved.What does the future hold for food safety? You can use topics on food safety to see what the future holds for the food industry. Because we live in an age where more people are more concerned about the environment, it is important that teachers and parents know about food safety as well.What can a school afford to pay the right kind of attention to food safety? One of the biggest problems with school budget is that the kids take for granted the services that schools provide. Teaching kids about food safety can help to ensure that the school is equipped to handle situations that arise.When you teach this type of lesson, you can help the student needs to care about the importance of food safety and the environmental impact of it. In addition, you can use topics on food safety to help the kids to learn about different ingredients and testing processes. These types of topics are extremely important when you are teaching first, second, or even third grade.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
According to Supensri Puengkhokesoon an activist in forum of sexual violence yesterday said that sexual assaults or rapes occur in Thailand and about 32,000 woman and girls were raped or abused; 1 woman every 15 minutes. This is a serious problem in Thailand since the number of rapes or abuses never decreased and tend to increase each year. Moreover, rape cases which occur indecent years provoke public anger that make they think that punishment of raping should be more harder. The issue of given death penalty to rapist has been widely debated since the number of rapes tend to increase and nothing seems better, so many people request death penalty to rapist because they think that death penalty is not only prevent people from being rape but also increased society safety and morality. Although some people said that death penalty to rapists will increase possibility for rapists killing their victims to prevent the witness for their crimes, they should be given death penalty since it ca n warn people not to rape someone, it can save our expense used for rapists in prison, and decrease the possibility for woman being rape. It has been argued that death penalty will encourage rapists to kill their victims for their victims canÃ¢â¬â¢t testify against them. Jody Plauche, who was abducted in 1984 by his karate instructor, argued that rapists would kill their victims if they know that they will be given death penalty from a victims testimony, so if they kill their victims, they will notShow MoreRelatedJust Kill Em? Essay1431 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshistory with the death penalty. The Ã¢â¬Å"first recorded execution was in Jamestown in 1608Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Death Penalty in AmericaÃ¢â¬ 259). Since then, thirty five states have continued to use the death penalty. Now it can be considered a normal punishment and many people feel strongly about it, but maybe we should forget what we have done in the past and take a second look. The death penalty should not be used in the U nited States because it is too expensive, affects the poor and minorities more than others, andRead MoreThe Death Penalty Should Not Be Legal968 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescountry feel concerning the death penalty. Most chiefs came back and said that they feel the death penalty is unsuccessful. Politicians on the other hand have forgotten what law enforcement is all about and have instead given tax payers an tremendously expensive way to deal with crime. Politicians fail to realize that instead of using that money to support the death penalty we could be using that money to advance law enforcement. The police chiefs feel that the death penalty does not reduce crime andRead MoreCapital Punishment And The Death Penalty1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescenturies taking the life of guilty convicts to bring justice to the people. However, many people see the death penalty as a brutal action which no human should have to face, guilty or innocent. After the death penalty travelled around the world, it became very popular in America leading to many Supreme Court cases and protests. Endlessly, people have argued their viewpoints about whether the death penalty is constitutional in relation to the 8th amendment which states no Ã¢â¬Å"cruel or unusualÃ¢â¬ punishment. PoliticiansRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty703 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthat the death penalty was and is a very effective form of punishment. The death penalty is the punishment of execution, administered to someone legally convicted of a capital crime. I also feel that the death penalty should be practiced in all fifty states and be the punishment for more crimes.Since 1976 there has been over fourteen hundred deaths caused by the death penalty. I also feel that if we see the ability to get the punishment at lower standards such as for rappings or for harder drug casesRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty948 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDeath is something that a lot of people think about, but do peop le think about the Death Penalty? Having been given the death penalty means that someone is going to be put to death by a lethal injection or an electric chair; There are more ways, but the injection and the electric chair are the most used. There are many different opinions surrounding the idea of death penalties; which some people think the death penalty should be used more and some believe the complete opposite. There are two mainRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of The Death Penalty1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe death penalty has always been an issue or debate in the United States, typically being asked if it should be illegal or not. As of right now there are thirty-one states, including Ohio in which I live, that still use the death penalty as it is illegal in the rest. There are many supporters of it, there is also a huge amount of opposition. There are things included in both sides that can make the argument harder to be one-sided but I believe that the death penalty should be legal throughout theRead MoreSupporters and Oppostion to The Death Penalty Essay1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe most widely debated and criticized methods of punishment in the United States is the Death Penalty. The Death Penalty is an issue that has the United States quite divided. While there are many supporters of it, there is also a large amount of opposition. Currently, there are thirty-three states in which the dea th penalty is legal and seventeen states that have abolished it according to the Death Penalty Information Center. There is no question that killing another person is the most atrociousRead MoreThe Death Penalty Is Not Effective911 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The death penalty is wrong because capital punishment is not effective in reducing the amount of crime, it claims the lives of innocent people, it is unfair and biased, and most importantly, it is far more costly than a life in prison. The death penalty is not effective in reducing the amount of crime that occurs in our country. There is no evidence that the death penalty discourages or deters crime. The psychological mindset of a criminal is that they are not capable of thinking of the outcomeRead MoreCapital Panishment1230 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdestructive social conditions. Proponents of the death penalty say it is an important tool for preserving law and order, make our society a safe place, deters crime, and costs less than life imprisonment, retribution or an eye for an eye honours the victim, and ensures that the perpetrators of heinous crimes never have an opportunity to cause future tragedy. A majority of a state s subjects may wish to confer the right to put certain classes of criminal to death through referendum or voting in state electionsRead MoreJuvenile Death Penalty Essay1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJuvenile Death Penalty One of the most controversial questions in the juvenile justice system today is, Should the death penalty be applied to juveniles?Ã¢â¬ . A lot of people think that the death penalty for juveniles is cruel and unusual punishment and should only be used for adults. The crimes that juveniles commit are as dangerous and as violent as adult crimes. People argue that the adolescent brain does not mature until the late teens or early twenties, and that death penalty should not be the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The largest threat to African Americans with after the Civil War and Reconstruction was the Ku Klux Klan. The KKK was founded in 1866, and extended into almost every southern state by 1870. The organization became a vehicle for white southern citizens to deny Republican PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s Reconstruction-era policies whose ideas, that tried establishing political and economic equality for African Americans. The KKK flourished in some regions in the South where, African Americans were a minority of the population. The KKK also targeted any individual or organization that would support minatory groups. Even at its height, the KKK was not a well-organized organization or had a clear leader. The organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s members where all types of people rangingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The strongest act that was passed was the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871. This act provided some protection for the African Americans and made all KKK rituals and crimes a federal offense, as said in history.com Ã¢â¬â¢s Klu Klux Klan article, Ã¢â¬Å"The Ku Klux Klan Act designated certain crimes committed by individuals as federal offenses, including conspiracies to deprive citizens of the right to hold office, serve on juries and enjoy the equal protection of the law.Ã¢â¬ This law did help combat the oppression in the South, but the oppression never fully ended. From the early 1870s onward, white supremacy gradually died down. However, there still were many oppression supporters by the end of 1876, even though, the entire south was under Democratic control once again. Despite all the positive changes in the South, oppression still existed and the KKK still managed to harm many African Americans. The African American people learned how to avoid the racism, and oppression. Within the First World War, much of the focus was taken off of African Americans. The prejudice never fully stopped, but the culture became more prevalent. This is most seen in the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s. The 1920s was a great time for many cultures, and social classes in America, and African Americans benefited greatly. The Harlem Renaissance took place from 1920 to 1935 at a time in which African American cultures flourished. Many African Americans were moving into big ci ties where they
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Challenge For Developing Ethical Leadership? Answer: Introduction Agile leaders are characterized by the democratic, inclusive, and openness towards innovations. According to Anthony (2012), the agile leaders are more likely keen in exploring and learning innovative functionalities and developing the strong ability skills of the associated workforce. In todays world, the advancements brought to the business scenario are responsible for emerging innovations. Therefore, the leaders often face the strategic challenges to cope with such competitive landscape and lead the workforce for achieving excellence. The study would concentrate on the strategic challenges faced by Singapore Airlines. The study would also discuss the leadership practices to mitigate the issues and present a development plan for increasing leadership agility. Furthermore, the study would reflect on developing leadership agility for obtaining the future achievements. Organisational Leadership Case Study: Description of the identified strategic challenges Singapore Airlines has captured the leading position in the international market due to the ever growing business excellence and commendable airline services. The company is focusing on the rapid innovations and becoming adaptive changes. However, it has been observed that the profit level of Singapore Airline has steadily dropped over past few years. It is observed that the intensifying competition and over challenging market scenario are responsible for such sudden decline in profit level. In the quarter of the year 2014, the profit rates were again down. The record follows almost 52% drop in the operating profits to SGD39 million, which is nearly US$31 million (The Straits Times. 2017). However, the excellence of the business management leaders helped the company to increase the profit level by adopting the preferable strategies. However, again on 2017, it is reported that the Singapore Airlines published a crushing set of the financial statement. This financial status reflects th at the company experienced the loss of $138 million for the most recent quarter (Centreforaviation.com. 2014). The rapidly growing competitiveness in the global business scenario is posing such challenges due to which it has become necessary for the business leaders to modify the strategic values. In order to mitigate the issues with the strategic development, the leaders play the most significant role. Adopting the skilled leadership practices can be much fruitful in such context. In order to remain fit for future purpose, it is essential for the business leaders to develop the personal insights that would help in becoming an efficient leader. The continuous development in the competitive scenario is persuading the company to adopt more innovative methods that would be helpful in structuring the business functionalities. In spite of the efficiency maintained in the innovative practices, the company is continuously struggling with the higher competition with the market. For instance, the major competitors, such as Thai Airways and Garuda, have taken the further steps to remain proactive in this competitive scenario. The American carriers and these regional players are introducing the most effective digital innovations for the betterment of the customer services. On the contrary, business leaders of Singapore Airlines are struggling to train the employees for utilizing the advanced d igital technologies. These challenges are considered as the potential threats to survive for a longer time in this competitive scenario. The Current Leadership Agility in Singapore Airlines According to McKenzie and Aitken (2012), agile leaders are much focused on fulfilling the needs of others by acknowledging others perspectives. They tend to concentrate on achieving the business goals by improving the competency level of the associated workers. It has been observed that the business leaders of Singapore Airline are following the transformational leadership style, which prioritizes the needs of the individuals. The managers think that the success of the company depends on the efforts provided by every individual working under this company. The agile attributes of the leaders is completely visible in the leadership practices undertaken by the business leaders of Singapore Airlines. The leaders perceive that the shared enthusiasm and perseverance of the staffs are contributing towards improving the customer experience. However, in spite of the flexibility maintained in the leadership practices in Singapore Airlines, there is the lack of shared knowledge. The workforce is facing challenges in operating the innovative technologies due to which the company is lacking the technological skills to participate in the market competition. An agile leader needs to create the learning scenario and drives as well as sustains innovation within the organization (Chatman et al. 2014). The leaders are responsible towards developing the workforce talents and direct them to accomplish the organisational goals. These leaders have the stronger ability to maintain communication transparency for sharing visions and inspiring others to ensure productive outcome (Nowak 2012). There are 12 major practices that an agile leader adopts in order to ensure the productive outcome and to deal with the emerging challenges. These practices are as follows: Personal values sensitization Emotional Intelligence Sense Make-Give Mindful of Impact Access Capability Create Learning Cultural Competence Total Leadership One-to-many Dialogues One-to-one dialogue Performance Challenge Agility Resilience The major gap in the leadership process of Singapore Airlines was found in managing the performance challenges, agility resilience, create learning, and cultural competence. As an agile leader, it is important to deal with people from diverse cultural background. In order to cope with the future opportunities, the leader needs to realize the interests of the other people and try to find the process of motivating them in different ways. It would help the leaders in ensuring productive outcome for the operations success. The leaders need to focus more on the specific issues that are preventing the workforce from developing the knowledge regarding the innovative business practices. An agile leader possesses the democratic trait, which determines the consultation with other people during any decision-making process. During any conflicting scenario, they need to be communicative towards the associated workers. Taking the performance challenge is necessary for a leader to deal with the har dships and accomplishing goals in spite of such difficulties. In the further section of the study, the discussion of the agile leadership practices would be discussed. Development Plan The case scenario follows the issues with the leadership consistency, which affects the performance parameter of the associated workforce. The obtained ideas from the above scenario describe the needs for the effective development plan that would direct the workforce towards achieving the organisational goals. It is to be stated that the individuals are involved in transformation in which undertaking the unique initiative is necessary. Singapore is a culturally diverse country where the people from different culture collaborate to perform the organizational functionalities. The development plan for the agile leadership is based on the following activities: Development Plan Leadership Agility Skills What needs to be done Involved People Tracking Progress 1. Development of Flexibility An agile leader requires being flexible enough to deal with the different circumstances that may occur at any point of time. It is essential for the business leaders of Singapore Airlines to maintain such flexibility to motivate the associated workforce from different cultural background. Moreover, the leaders need to train the employees in order to make them more adaptive to this dynamic business scenario. Internal Survey to receive feedback from the employees 2. Dealing with the Transformer Leaders The transformer leaders are the ones who have the capability of dealing with the workforce belong to diverse cultural background. While adopting the innovative technicalities for strengthening the competitive position in current business scenario. The business leaders of Singapore Airlines have to be much Test of the technical knowledge of the employees 3. Development of the learning scenario An agile leader needs to focus on the drawback and accordingly fulfill the gap. Therefore, it is essential for the leaders to develop a learning scenario for the employees and enhance their knowledge about the business technicalities. The business leaders of Singapore Airlines Allocation of the dynamic works to the employees once a week Table 1: Development Plan (Source: Created by the Author) The agile leaders have to be much cautious about the scenario and uncertainties. As a leader, it is necessary to be more cautious while conveying the messages to the people. It is essential for an agile leader to recognize whether the messages are heard or understood by the people. If not, it is the prime responsibility to improve the understanding regarding the potential drawbacks. While working under the dynamic and culturally diverse environment, there is the possibility of the situational conflicts. An agile leader focuses beyond the possibilities and improves the work practices to deal with such uncertainties (Lichtenstein and Aitken 2014). The case scenario depicts that the challenges posed by the competitive environment is responsible for the downfall in the organisational revenues. On the other hand, the current competitive scenario is mostly driven by the innovations and improved technicalities. The following improvements would help in creating the productive atmosphere in t he business field. In order to improve the performance parameter of the associated workers, it is important to provide them the proper learning session or training. In this training session, they would learn about utilization of latest technologies and digital innovative practices. The leaders need to conduct the internal survey to receive feedback from the employees about their issues and concerns. The leaders need to arrange the weekly meeting to communicate with the associated workers and updating them about the latest requirements in the technological aspects. The establishment of the communicational transparency would be beneficial enough to promote a multicultural environment within the organization. Identification of the training needs is also one of the most necessary aspects that are needed to be taken into consideration. The above initiatives are needed to be taken into account in order to improve the leadership agility in Singapore Airline. The progress report is needed to be monitored every week to derive the ideas about the further improvements. This process would be much helpful in developing the leadership values and driving the organization towards success in this competitive market. Conclusion The study develops the idea about the agile leadership followed by the case study of Singapore Airline, which has been experiencing the greater downfall in economic structure. It has been observed that in spite of the transformational leadership skills, the business leaders could not retain the consistency in managing the dynamic workforce. The leaders are responsible towards developing the workforce talents and direct them to accomplish the organisational goals. These leaders have the stronger ability to maintain communication transparency for sharing visions and inspiring others to ensure productive outcome Furthermore, the excessive competitive scenario is also posing some recognizable challenges. The study develops the basic leadership traits that would be helpful for becoming a successful agile leader and ensuring productive outcome in upcoming future. Developing the agile leadership would turn out to be much profitable for Singapore Airlines in the upcoming future. References Anthony, S.D. 2012. The New Corporate Garage: where todays most innovative and world changing thinking is taking place. Harvard Business Review, September, pp.3-11. Bennis, W.G. and Thomas, R.J. 2002. Crucibles of Leadership. Harvard Business Review, September, HBR Centreforaviation.com. 2014.Singapore Airlines SWOT: challenges continue as competition intensifies as shown by 1QFY2015 results. [online] CAPA - Centre for Aviation. Available at: https://centreforaviation.com/insights/analysis/singapore-airlines-swot-challenges-continue-as-competition-intensifies-as-shown-by-1qfy2015-results-180289 [Accessed 29 Jan. 2018]. Chatman, J.A., Caldwell, D.F., OReilly, C.A.and Doerr, B. 2014. Parsing organizational culture: How the norm for adaptability influences the relationship between culture consensus and financial performance in high-technology firms. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/job.1928. Doz, Y.L. and Kosonen, M. 2009. Embedding Strategic Agility. Long Range Planning, Elsevier Kempster, S. 2006. Leadership learning through lived experience: A process of apprenticeship? Journal of Management and Organisation, June, 12, 1, pp.4-22 Kempster, S., Jackson, B. and Conroy, M. 2011. Leadership as purpose: Exploring the role of purpose in leadership practice. Leadership, 7(3), pp.317-334 Lichtenstein, S. and Aitken, P. 2014. The Values Challenge for Developing Ethical Leadership: Research and Practice Agenda for Values-Based Leadership, 6th Developing Leadership Capacity Conference, Lancaster University Management School, July 7-9. (unpublished). Lord, R.G. and Hall, R.J. 2005. Identity, deep structure and the development of leadership skill. The Leadership Quarterly, 16(4), pp. 591-615, Elsevier McKenzie, J. and Aitken, P. 2012. Learning to lead the knowledgeable organization: Developing leadership agility. Strategic HR Review, Vol. 11, 6, pp. 329-334. Nowak, M. A. 2012. Evolution: why we help. Scientific American, July, pp.20-25 Porter, M.E. and Cramer, M.R. 2011. Creating Shared Value. Harvard Business Review, (Jan-Feb), pp. 62-77 Raelin, J. 2004. Dont bother putting leadership into people. Academy of Management Executive, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 131-135 Raelin, J. 2011. From leadership-as-practice to leaderful practice. Leadership, 7(2), pp. 195-211, Sage Sveningson, S. and Larsson, M. 2006. Fantasies of Leadership: Identity Work. Leadership, 2(2), pp. 203-224, Sage The Straits Times. 2017.SIA has lost market share and needs new strategy. [online] Available at: https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/sia-has-lost-market-share-and-needs-new-strategy [Accessed 29 Jan. 2018].
Thursday, April 16, 2020
Existing literature reveal that many countries of the world have faced security challenges for a long period. In particular, the United States has been a target of many terrorist groups both from within and outside the country and efforts have been made by the federal government to enhance homeland security.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on United States Border Security and Threats to Homeland Security specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Chad, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in Washington, D.C., New York City, and Pennsylvania posed a great challenge to the American government as far as ensuring the security of the citizens especially in densely populated centers as well as areas of high-risk potential is concerned (2010). This is due to the fact that these areas are easy targets for terrorists and other organized crime. Among other measures, the U.S. government embarked on strengthe ning the security along the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s borders with an aim of preventing possible infiltration by terrorists. The U.S. government has also remained committed to the eradication of all known organized crime globally by dedicating huge amount of resources towards the fight against terrorism (Steinmetz, 2011). However, this war has persisted for about a decade with renewed terrorism attacks on the American people both at home and abroad. The paper discusses the United States border security and the comparisons between the Canadian and Mexican borders. It compares issues with imports and exports, the terrain, and most importantly, how there have always been border security issues concerning our national security and even more so today. The threat posed by a weak U.S.-Mexico and U.S.-Canada borders with a focus on terrorist threats within and outside America will be discussed. It also considers the likelihood of the Al Qaeda network, Iran and other extremists intending to harm Amer icans using these weak borders as entry points to the U.S. The paper also explores the illegal trades which include drug, firearms, and human trafficking taking place in the southern and northern borders. The Canadian and Mexican Borders Trade and Prosperity Towards the end of the 20th century into the 21st century, Ã¢â¬Å"globalizationÃ¢â¬ has been understood in terms of breaking down borders between nations of the world. It has been argued that economic integration and interdependence results in the decline of regulatory measures, more porous borders, and increased lenient cross-border policies.Advertising Looking for research paper on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Advocates of globalization have championed the need for free movement of goods, money, and people across borders. These advocates in America have pushed for an open U.S.-Mexico border where there movement of labor is unregulated. Earlier d emands for an open border saw significant advancements in cross-border relations between America and its southern and northern borders (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 2010). The U.S.-Canada as well as the U.S.-Mexico borders has emerged as the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s busiest land crossings. The coming into effect of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) resulted in accelerated cross-border commercial flows. However, NAFTA spells out strong terms of relation between America and her two neighbors. The links between Canada and Mexico are weak compared with those the U.S. The strongest link comes in when the issue is of interest to each of them (Goldfarb, 2005). Matters of security and prosperity bring the two nations together while their individual priorities force them work separately. The agreement is an indicator that Canada and Mexico are strong trading partners with United States. The tension between Canada and Mexico has been aggravated by the reluctance of each to help the other. For instance, Canada has not been actively involved in helping Mexico overcome its economic development woes caused by stiff competition from the Chinese. This has resulted in slower rate of development (Ganster Lorey, 2008). After the September 11 attacks on U.S. soil, the two countries were forced to reconsider their relations in terms of domestic and foreign interests. There are major differences in the priorities of the two countries that make the possibility of their union a near illusion. CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s main priority is to ensure that it can securely and predictably access the U.S. market freely given that it is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading economy and superpower (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 2010). Migration of Mexicans is not an issue in Canada because very few of them settle within the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s territory. Canada believes that it is advanced when it comes to border issues just like its southern neighbor, U.S. The country is therefore more interested on Canada-U.S. (bilateral) relations as opposed to trilateral approaches.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on United States Border Security and Threats to Homeland Security specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The coming into operation of NAFTA saw the elimination of origin rules and related tariffs. However, non-NAFTA Canadian and U.S. tariff rates have been found to be much lower than those Mexico (Andreas, 2009). This argument has been used by Canada in preferring bilateral approaches. On the contrary, apart from desiring a secure access, MexicoÃ¢â¬â¢s priority is to legalize migration flows across its border with the U.S. as well as to ensure economic development in the country (Zaiotti, 2011). This great priority became more critical after the events of September 11. Mexico has also had to deal with conflicting interests in terms of whether to pursue bilateral, trilateral, multilateral or domestic economic initiatives. As a result, this difference in priorities makes these countries have little interest in each other as compared to their interest in the U.S. and other countries. According to Goldfarb, they have so much that can bring them together than those that can separate the two countries (2005). One of the most critical areas of cooperation is on security especially the prevention of organized crime. Both countries are aware of the fact that they share international boundaries with a country that prides itself of the largest economy in the world. They are also concerned with AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s security policies that may hinder their prosperity. Unfavorable security initiatives may make it difficult and more expensive to cross both the southern and northern borders resulting in slowed growth. Furthermore, the two nations have been frustrated by AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s introduction of the WTO-inconsistent Byrd amendment that has made the resolution of trade disputes quite difficult (Stein metz, 2011). The emergence of China and India as potential economic giants is a challenge to Canada and Mexico. In particular, ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s rapid industrial growth has had a significant impact on Mexico (Andreas, 2009). They both have to ensure that their growth is at a faster rate than those of Asian countries if they are to remain active on the global trade platform. It is clear, therefore, that the relation between these two countries is of great significance to the U.S. (U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), 2004).Advertising Looking for research paper on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is particularly so because of their role when it comes to ensuring security of all Americans. The southern and northern borders, as it will be discussed later in this paper, serve as entry points for terrorists, illegal immigrants, and routes for other heinous activities. Terrain Canada borders the United States to the north while Mexico lies to the south. According to the statistics hosted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the U.S.-Mexican land and water border stretches about 2,000 miles along the four states of America: Texas, New Mexico, California and Arizona (U.S. Customs and Border Protection (Van Zandt, 1976). The Arizona state border with Mexico includes 19.1 miles along the Colorado River. The U.S.-Canadian land and water border line covers about 4,000 miles (CBP, 2004). It is the longest international boundary line. Of the 50 U.S. states, 13 of them share the international boundaries with Canada. The estimated distances of the southern Mexican border and the nort hern Canadian border are easy to measure because of the presence of long straight stretches unlike the coastlines. For instance, the U.S.-Canada border stretches about 900 miles along the 49th parallel (Zaiotti, 2011). The Threat of a Weak U.S.-Mexico and U.S.-Canada Borders The U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico borders have been known to be one of the major threats to the security of America owing to the ease with which terrorists and organized criminals exploit loopholes. A weak U.S.-Mexican border, therefore, will serve as the entry point for the criminal gangs if strict security initiatives are not put in place. For a long time now, there has been a raging debate among Americans especially politicians on issues of border security and illegal immigration. The southern border has been given special attention by many advocacy groups and news agencies since it accounts for a large number of immigrants into the United States (McCaul, 2009). This border has become a major entry point for te rrorists, organized criminals and drug and human traffickers. This has become one of the greatest threats to the security of citizens living along the border. American law enforcement agencies have also been put to task in ensuring maximum security. The international criminal networks like Al Qaeda who are constantly planning terrorist activities have exploited the existing gangs living in the U.S (Ganster Lorey, 2008). This is because there is relative to the ease in the exchange of information. The ever-growing Islamic extremism has also become a source of threat faced by Americans since the September 11 terrorist attacks. Statistics from the security agencies reveal that anti-American Islamic movements within America, Mexico and Canada have increased significantly (Chad, 2010). U.S. security agencies have made thousands of arrests of suspected international terrorists linked with other criminal networks. These terrorists and criminals smuggle materials through the borders. They are also known for sharing crucial information that is in turn used to execute terrorist attacks on innocent citizens. Although the U.S.-Canadian border is guarded by law enforcement agencies, it is commonly known as the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s longest undefended border (Smith, 2011). Compared to the southern border, the northern border had generally not been heavily monitored by the U.S. customs and immigration agencies. This is because there were no military personnel deployed to defend this international boundary. The U.S.-Mexico border is manned by over nine thousand National Guard troops. It does not have a high fence like the one built along the southern border. Security measures are relatively less stringent for the U.S.-Canada border and this is a potential loophole for illegal immigrants and drug and human traffickers (Steinmetz, 2011). Canada has emerged as the largest trading partner for America followed by Mexico. This has greatly influenced the type of rules dictating the nature of relations between the two nations and the U.S. In formulating the rules, America views Mexico as a Ã¢â¬Ëhigh riskÃ¢â¬â¢ nation compared to Canada and hence the varying terms of engagement especially when it comes immigration which is not included in NAFTA (Chad, 2010). Before the dawn of the 21st century, the U.S. had ignored the need to protect its northern border and in fact the international boundary was nonexistent. However, the events of September 11 reversed the way in which America treat its border with Canada. The findings of the post-9/11 terrorist attacks revealed that a significant number of terrorists enter the United States through Canada. This revelation has ever since transformed the perception of Americans concerning the border. It is currently viewed as a vulnerable entry point just like the southern border. Security measurers between America and Canada have been reviewed and are much tougher compared to the pre-9/11 era (Forest, 2008). Canada initially comp lained of U.S.Ã¢â¬â¢s disregard of the northern border but is now in an awkward situation due to the overwhelming negative attention it receives from her southern neighbor. Compared to the number of agents on the southern border, there was a negligible number of agents policing the northern border before the infamous 9/11 attacks. However, the number of agents sent to police the U.S.-Canada border has been increasing annually due to mounting pressure from Americans (Forest, 2008). Critics argue that savvy terrorists will still infiltrate the country through Canada since thousands of well trained personnel have failed to stop hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants from Mexico despite its much shorter border length. With the knowledge of huge security threat posed by a weak U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico borders, the United States security agencies have put in place measurers that regulate the entry of millions of immigrants as well as facilitate the exchange of billions of dollar s of legal business each year (Hernandez, 2010). These regulatory policies have been reviewed regularly and tightened especially during moments of suspected terrorist attacks. However, even with the vigilance at the border, illegal activities perpetrated by criminals persist due to the porous border points of the United States (Smith, 2011). According to Shirk, the presence of the constant threat from these criminal groups at the U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico borders has made cross-border interaction difficult for Mexican and Canadian citizens as well as law enforcement agencies (2011). The southern and northern borders are a source of threat to Americas due to the long-standing drug wars, human trafficking and smuggling which have opened up loopholes for the entry of international terrorist networks especially by the extremist Islamic groups like those from Iran and Afghanistan. Other activities associated with these terrorists include money laundering, weaponry dealings, among other illegal activities which help them reap millions of dollars in revenue each year (Forest, 2008). These terrorists then embark on recruiting more followers, raise funds for their groups, and plan and execute potentially deadly attacks similar to those September 11. Conclusion It is undoubtedly paramount to strengthen the security at the southern and northern borders if Americans are to be assured of their long-term safety. The paper has discusses the state of U.S. border security with a focus on the Canadian and Mexican borders. It has compared issues of trade from a trilateral perspective, the terrain of the northern and southern international boundaries with emphasis on how there have always been border security issues concerning our national security and even more so today. The threat posed by a weak U.S.-Mexico and U.S.-Canada borders with a focus on terrorist threats within and outside America has been discussed. The possibility of the Al Qaeda network, Iran and other extremist s who are out to harm innocent citizens using these weak borders as entry points to the U.S has also been captured in the paper. It can be concluded References Andreas, P. (2009). Border games: policing the U.S.-Mexico divide. Cornell University Press Chad, C. H. (2010). Border security: the role of the U.S. border patrol. Washington, D.C: Congressional Research Service Forest, J. F. (2008). Homeland security: protecting AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s targets. Greenwood Publishing Group Ganster, P. Lorey, D. E. (2008). U.S.-Mexican border into the twenty-first century (2ndÃ ed.). Rowman Littlefield Goldfarb, D. (2005). The Canada-Mexico Condurum: Finding Common Ground.Ã Backgrounder, 91: 213-227 Hernandez, K. L. (2010). Migra!: a history of the U.S. border patrol. University of Carlifornia Press McCaul, M. T. (2009). A Line in the Sand: Confronting the Threat at the SouthwestÃ Border. U.S. House of Representatives Shirk, D. A. (2011). The Drug War in Mexico: Confronting a Shared Threat. C ouncil on Foreign Relations Smith, R. M. (2011). Citizenship, borders, and human needs. University of Pennsylvania Press. Steinmetz, T. (2011). Mitigating the Exploitation of U.S. Borders by Jihadists and Criminal Organizations. Journal of Strategic Security, 4(3): pp.29-48 U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) (September 2004). National Border PatrolÃ Strategy. U.S. Department of Homeland Security U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) (August 2010). Performance andÃ Accountability Report: Fiscal Year 2009. U.S. Department of Homeland Security Van Zandt, F. K. (1976). Boundaries of the United States and the Several States.Ã Washington: GPO. Zaiotti, R. (2011). Cultures of border control: Schengen and the evaluation of EuropeanÃ frontiers. 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Friday, March 13, 2020
Using Technology to Clone Cloning can be a very sensitive subject. It seems that it's a battle between science and ethics. Does the ladder outweigh the former or vice versa? Maybe a few definitions will shed some light on the subject. Cloning is to create a genetic duplicate of an individual organism through asexual reproduction, as by stimulating a single cell? (Webster's 211). "Parthenogenesis is reproduction of organisms without conjunction of gametes of opposite sexes." (Webster's 800). Cloning has its medical uses, but do the ethical implications outweigh the advantages? The goal of genetic engineering is that every child be born strong, healthy, and well suited to make its way to the world. If genetic engineering would be used in this way the world would probably be a place of less disease. Sure it may be unethical to do some tests on humans, but without them medical progress would come to a halt. Cloning might also directly offer a way of curing diseases or a technique that could extend means to acquir ing new data for the sciences of embryology and how organisms develop as a whole over time.Twin SistersScience has been trying for years to come up with cures for genetic diseases and so far haven't really come up with anything that is truly helpful. On the other hand, with the technology of genetic engineering scientists may finally be able to start to understand the causes of diseases and to develop possible treatments and even prevention. For instance, the most studied disease is Cystic Fibrosis. Although, we have not found a cure yet, science might be getting close to coming up with a way of preventing Cystic Fibrosis. Science has made some major discoveries in the past forty years. In the 1960's two French scientists by the names of Jacques Monod and Francois Jacob...
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Role of Music in The Lord of the Rings - Essay Example Some of them were Ã¢â¬Å"The One RingÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"The ElvesÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"The GondorÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"The Fellowship of the RingÃ¢â¬ , and so on. Each theme represents a particular situation, group, or personality and, accordingly, reflects and comments on them. The lyrics of the themes are composed in a thorough manner to satisfy the viewers (Lehman, 2011, p.284). The three main themes were Shire, Fellowship, and Rohan. These were the most prominent and easily recognizable in all the three movies. Each of them is played countless times with different orchestrations according to the moods of the films. The Shire, which is the most popular theme of the movies, represents the Shire and is rendered whenever the hobbits want to go home. It has a folksy feel and slightly out of tune. It is Ã¢â¬Å"warm-hearted, comforting and invitingÃ¢â¬ . The Fellowship theme has been repeated 38 times across the three movies. In the first movie, it is used as signature theme. It is Ã¢â¬Å"heroic, jagged, and assertiveÃ¢â¬ (Rawlins, 2006). The Rohan theme is used as signature theme for the second movie. It expresses the Ã¢â¬Å"simplicity, military prowess, and sense of honorÃ¢â¬ of Rohan culture (Rawlins, 2006). The lyrics for all the music pieces and especially those used by the choir were translated into Elvish languages that were invented by Tolkien (Beregond, 2009, p.68). The lyrics were written to reflect the exact theme, and special training was given to the singers to pronounce them (Waldron, 2006). Leitmotif Shore used the technique of leitmotif to compose the music of this trilogy. Leitmotifs are themes that Ã¢â¬Å"represent different aspects of the narrativesÃ¢â¬ (Mathijs, 2006, p.307), and they were widely used in the classical Hollywood movies. In using... The films are The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), The Two Towers (2002), and The Return of the King (2003). Howard Shore is a composer and conductor of music for all the three movies. He won the Academic Awards in 2001 and 2003 for Best Original Score. Music has been incorporated on large scale that spans nearly 12 hours. The music of all the three movies was recorded by London Philharmonic, and won Grammy Awards. Howard Shore is trained in classical music, and he continues to learn to maintain the flow of his creativity. He believes that there is no end of knowledge in music, and, as he learns more, he gets more resources to utilize. He composes music for only those films whose subject strikes an emotional chord inside him. For composing the music of The Lord of the Rings, he has used his lifetime experience and childlike imagination. His improvisation came from the unconscious; he shaped and developed this improvisation according to the theme and characters of the movies. Howard had the responsibility of creating music in one year for a work that took 12 years for Tolkien to put in his book. He had to create music that lasted 21 hours, which included Ã¢â¬Å"nine hours in the theatre and 12 hours on the DVDÃ¢â¬ . Shore felt that he became aware of many things in himself while composing the music. Music plays an important role in all the three films as it helps to narrate the story and express the characters and situations with the use of the leitmotif technique. The music has become extremely popular and the soundtrack is available for purchase. The music played in the movies is the finest achievement by Howard Shore. The symphonic presentation of the music makes it more popular in concert halls.